Cancer Prevention by Epigenetic Modulation of Phytochemicals

A Review


  • Hero I. Mohammed Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Science, Knowledge University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Sahar Hassannejad Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Science, Knowledge University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Hoshyar S. Ali Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Science, Knowledge University, Erbil, Iraq


Dietary agents, microRNA, DNA methylation, epigenetics, cancer chemoprevention


"Epigenetics," which emphasizes the impact of active dietary agents on the function of epigenetics, has become an exciting new field of study in recent years. Focusing on aberrant epigenetic alterations during earlier carcinogenesis has been considered in cancer chemotherapy research since, unlike genetic mutations, these differences are reversible. Genes that operate as signal transducers, nuclear receptors, cell cycle regulators, and transcription factors, among others, can be silenced by abnormal epigenetic processes such as DNA promoter methylation, histone changes, and post-transcriptional modifications mediated by miRNA. DNA, gene product maintenance, apoptosis-inducing, and ultimately result in carcinogenesis. An analysis of several natural phytochemicals has been performed on food and medicinal plants to recognize potential and develop anticancer agents that cause the minor lesion to normal cells and effectively destroy cancer cells. A study of several natural phytochemicals found in food and medicinal plants was conducted in order to identify potential and develop anticancer agents that cause a minor lesion in normal cells while effectively destroying cancer cells. According to this study, plant phytochemicals may be involved in the targeted epigenetic modulation of miRNAs, DNA methyltransferases, histone altering enzymes, and carcinogenesis.


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How to Cite

Mohammed, H. I., Hassannejad, S., & Ali, H. S. (2022). Cancer Prevention by Epigenetic Modulation of Phytochemicals: A Review. Pharmacy and Applied Health Sciences, 1(2), 27–41. Retrieved from



Review Paper