A Systemic Review of Trichomonas Vaginalis in Iraq


  • Karwan S. N. Al-Marjan Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Erbil Health Technical College, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
  • Tariq W. Sadeq Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Knowledge University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq




PCR, Iraq, Trichomoniasis, Trichomonas vaginalis, Vaginitis


Systemic Trichomonas vaginalis is a single celled parasitic protozoan that’s moved by flagella (possess 5 flagella) and its habitat urogenital tract of both sex (female and male) and attached to the vaginal epithelium. It causes vaginitis in female and urethritis in men. This articles deals with the review for the epidemiological studies of this parasitic among different Iraqi province. For this purpose, several studies on Trichomonas vaginalis were collected among different governorates to determine and interpret the infection rates by this parasite. Sources of references including Iraqi academic and scientific journals, journal of Karbala university, International journal of advance research and European Scientific Journal. Research article related to the prevalence of T. vaginals among Iraqi people in period from (2013-2017) from different governorates of Iraq were studied in different cities and villages with different geographic distribution. Results of data analysis reveals the highest rate of infection by this parasite was in Baghdad (85.5%) during 2016 while lowest percentage of infection was (3.1%) in Erbil during 2015. It had concluded that geographical location of Iraqi governorates, population density, Tourist cities, industrial cities, education levels, personal hygiene, variation in the number of both gender throughout the Iraqi governorates and types of parasite diagnostic techniques having a basic role in the determination of the prevalence of the trichomoniasis in Iraq.


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How to Cite

Al-Marjan, K. S. N., & Sadeq, T. W. (2022). A Systemic Review of Trichomonas Vaginalis in Iraq. Pharmacy and Applied Health Sciences, 1(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.59480/phahs.v1i1.14



Research Article