Assessment of Spring Water Quality Around Safeen Mountain Area in Iraqi Kurdistan region


  • Farhad H. Aziz Department of Environmental Sciences and Health, University of Salahaddin – Erbil, Kurdistan Region – Iraq
  • Alwan Q. Ahmed Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Science, Knowledge University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



Spring water, Water Quality Index


The water quality index (WQI) was applied in 10 springs within Erbil governorate, Kurdistan region, in order to certain the quality of water for public consumption. In this study, water quality index was determined based on sixteen Physico-chemical parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, turbidity, total alkalinity, total hardness, sulfate, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, dissolved oxygen, and biochemical oxygen demand. The relative weight assigned to each parameter ranged from 1 to 5, based on the important parameters for aquatic life and drinking purposes. Because water quality index is one of the most effective tools to communicate information on the quality of water to the concerned citizen and policymakers. The results indicated that the water quality of the springs is good except for site 3 and 9 are poor.


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How to Cite

Aziz, F. H., & Ahmed, A. Q. (2022). Assessment of Spring Water Quality Around Safeen Mountain Area in Iraqi Kurdistan region. Pharmacy and Applied Health Sciences, 1(1), 6–12.



Research Article